Interactive tutorials on decentralized web protocols

Anatomy of a CID | Lesson 6 of 6

One hash, multiple CID versions

You can paste any IPFS CID into the handy CID Inspector to visualize all of its prefixes and what they represent.

In this final lesson we will take a look at some results from this tool using both CIDv0 and CIDv1 formats.

Example 1: CIDv1


This first example is a version 1 CID.

Results from the CID Inspector tool for the first example

Looking at the results from the CID Inspector tool we can see several parts that the tool was able to parse for us:

  • Human Readable CID: breaks down each part of the CID to be easily readable by us humans
  • Multibase: code is the identifier of the base, in this case b for base32.
  • Multicodec: code is the identifier of the codec, in this case 0x70 for dag-pb, an IPLD format
  • Multihash: breakdown of the multihash into the hashing algorithm used (18 is the code for sha2-256) and the length of the hash (256 bits, which equates to 32 bytes)

From the "Human Readable CID" breakdown, we can see that the original hash of the content, before the appropriate CIDv1 prefixes are added, is c3c4733ec8affd06cf9e9ff50ffc6bcd2ec85a6170004bb709669c31de94391a.

Example 2: CIDv0


Results from the CID Inspector tool for the first example

This Version 0 CID shows some different results: both the multibase and the multicodec are listed as "implicit". Since Version 0 CIDs did not have those prefixes, they are always assumed to be base58btc and dag-pb respectively.

Under the Base32 CIDV1 label we see bafybeigdyrzt5sfp7udm7hu76uh7y26nf3efuylqabf3oclgtqy55fbzdi, which is the same CID from the first example! The CID Inspector has offered us a conversion from CIDv0 to CIDv1.

Notice also how the end of the "Human Readable CID" (the portion after the prefixes) is exactly the same in this CIDv0 example as it was in the CIDv1 example: c3c4733ec8affd06cf9e9ff50ffc6bcd2ec85a6170004bb709669c31de94391a.

Why? These two CIDs point to the same content. Basically, it's the same hash (c3c4733ec8affd06cf9e9ff50ffc6bcd2ec85a6170004bb709669c31de94391a) represented in the two different versions of the CID spec.

Converting CID versions

You can convert any CIDv0 to CIDv1, because the implicit prefixes from v0 become explicit in v1. However, because CIDv1 supports multiple codecs and multiple bases and CIDv0 does not, not all CIDv1 can be converted to CIDv0. In fact, only CIDv1 that have the following properties can be converted to CIDv0:

  • multibase = base58btc
  • multicodec = dag-pb
  • multihash-algorithm = sha2-256
  • multihash-length = 32 (32 bytes, equivalent to 256 bits)

To test this theory, you can check out our beloved aardvark image here, hosted on the IPFS network:

  • Open the link in your browser and copy the CID from the end of the URL (QmcRD4wkPPi6dig81r5sLj9Zm1gDCL4zgpEj9CfuRrGbzF)
  • In a new browser window, paste it into the CID Inspector tool and find the equivalent CIDv1 value displayed at the bottom of the screen
  • Back in your aardvark tab, replace the v0 CID with the converted v1 CID in the original URL and refresh the page

You should see the same image of our aardvark.

not yet startedTake the quiz!

If we have two different CIDs pointing to the same content, doesn't that break the 'uniqueness' rule specified in the first lesson?

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